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Saturday, March 10, 2012

'Pure' Models of Journalism

 ]{X-{]-hÀ¯-\-¯nsâ "]cn-ip²' amXr-I-IÄ
kzX-{´-`m-c-X-¯nse Gähpw ]mh-\-amb IÀ½-amWv ]{X-{]-hÀ¯\w F¶v Ah-Im-i-s¸-Sp-¶-h-cmWv \½psS A¨-Sn-am-[y-a-cw-Ks¯ AXn-Im-b³amÀ. P\m-[n-]-Xy-¯n-sâ-bpw, ]uc-kzm-X-{´y-¯n-sâbpw kwc-£-I-cmWv X§Ä F¶pw, \njv]-£-am-bpw, \nÀ`-b-ambpw t\cp-]-d-bm³ aSn-bn-söpw ChÀ DXvtLm-jn-¡mdpap­v. ]t£ X§-fpsS ZuXyw ssZho-I-am-sW¶v sNIp-¯m³amÀ Duäw sImÅp-¶Xp t]mse-sbmcp Ah-Im-i-hm-Z-am-Wn-sX¶v ]d-bm-Xn-cn-¡m³ \nÀÆm-l-an-Ã. Imc-Ww, ]W-¯n-\p-th­n ]e-t¸mgpw t]\-bp-´p-¶-Xp-t]mse C´y-bpsS "atX-X-cXz's¯ ]pjvSns¸Sp¯p-¶-Xn-\mbn Cu am[ya amS-¼n-amÀ kzoI-cn-¡p¶ \ne-]m-Sp-Ifpw A{X¡v \nµyhpw \nIr-jvS-hp-am-Wv. AXp-eyhpw, A\m-Znbpw temI-aw-K-f-Im-cn-bp-amb sslµ-h-kw-kvIm-cs¯ ]cn-t]m-jn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn\p k·-\-Ên-sÃ-¶Xp t]mI-s«, lnµpXzw F¶v tI«m \½psS ]{X-ap-X-em-fn-am-cp-sSbpw Ah-cpsS i¼-f-¡m-cp-sSbpw tZl-am-k-Iew sNmdªp Ib-dp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. GXv hn[-¯nepw BÀj-[À½s¯ A]-IoÀ¯n-s¸-Sp-¯m\pw \in-¸n-¡m-\p-amWv Cu¡q-«À _²-{i-²-cm-Ip-¶-Xv. F´n-c-«¯m¸pw GX-f-hnepw C¡m-cy-¯n-e-hÀ kzoI-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pw. Cu ASp¯ Imes¯ Nne ZrjvSm-´-§Ä am{Xw {i²n-¡p-I.
kp{]-kn² kmln-Xy-Imcn am[-hn-¡p«n CÉm-an-te¡v aXw amdn Ia-em-kp-c¿ F¶ t]À kzoI-cn-¨-t¸mÄ C¶m-«nse ]{X-[À½-¡mÀ am[-hn-¡p-«nsb adhv sNbvXv Ia-em-kp-c-¿sb Poh³ \ÂIn kwc-£n-¨p. AhÀ A´-cn-¨-t¸mÄ Ia-em-kp-c¿ F¶ am[-hn-¡p«n A´-cn-¨p Fs¶-gp-Xm\pw XmÂ]cyw ImWn-¨n-Ã. tIc-f-¯nse H¶mwInS apÉow aXaueoI hmZn-I-fpsS km¶n-[y-¯n CÉm-an-I-amb A´y-kw-kvIm-chpw B kmln-Xy-Im-cn¡v \ÂIn. "lnµp kaqlw' FÃmw aqI-ambn I­p \n¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. "atX-X-cXzw' hnP-bn-¨p. F¶m Xsâ Ah-km-\-Im-e¯v Hcp {]apJ ae-bmf ]{X-¯nse Poh-\-¡m-c\v am[-hn-¡p«n \ÂInb A`n-ap-J-¯nse {]k-à-amb GXm\pw hcn-IÄ ChnsS D²-cn-¡-s«. ""aXw Hs¡ F\n¡v aS-¯p. Ct¸m Hcp aX-¯nepw F\n¡v hnizm-k-anÃ.... tdm«-dn-¢-_v, eb¬kv¢_v Fs¶ms¡ ]d-bn-tÃ? AX-tÃ-Åq aXw..... ap¸Xv sImÃ-ambn Rm³ A¼-e-¯n  t]mbn-«v. Ct¸mÄ \nkv¡-cn-¡m-dp-an-Ã.... Fs¶Ãmw Xpd-¶-Sn-¡p¶ A`n-apJw Ah-km-\n-¡p-¶Xv C§-\-bp-am-Wv. ""Rm\nt¸m Hcp t\mh-se-gp-Xp-¶p-­v. AXv apÉow kv{Xo Fgp-Xm³ ]mSn-Ãm-¯-Xm-Wv. AXp-sIm­v Nnes¸m Ah-scs¶ ]pd-¯m-¡pw. ]pd-¯m-¡-t«¶v hnNm-cn¨p X\ym AXv Fgp-X-W-Xv. AsX-gp-Xpt¼m Rm³ ]tg am[-hn-¡p-«n-bm... \me-¸m-«s¯ am[-hn-¡p-«nt¡ AsX-gp-Xm³ Ign-bq. Ipsd kXy-§Ä C\ow temI-t¯mSv F\n¡v hnfn¨p  ]d-bm-\p-­v. FÃmw ]d-ªnt« Rm³ t]mIq.'' (amXr`--qan ]{Xw, hmcm-´-¸-Xn¸v 16-þ01-þ2005)
C\n \ap¡v tIcfw apgp-h³ tImfn-f¡w krjvSn¨ kuay-h-[-t¡-knse {]Xn-bmb "tKmhn-µ-¨man'bnte¡v hcmw. \cm-[-a-\mb CbmÄ aX-]-cn-hÀ¯\w \S¯n NmÀen tXmakv F¶v t]cp kzoI-cn-¨-h-\m-Wv. Cu t]cv am[y-a-§Ä AdÌv \S¶ thf-bn dnt¸mÀ«p sNbvXp. ]n¶oSv NmÀen tXmakv "tKmhn-µ-¨m-an'-bmbn ]{X-Xm-fp-I-fn Ønc-{]-XnjvT t\Sp-¶-XmWv \mw I­-Xv. NmÀfn tXma-kn\v "tKmhn-µ-¨m-an-'bmbn \mam-´cw sN¿-s¸-Sp-I-sb¶ AÛpXw F§s\ kw`-hn¨p? Hä-¡-¿\pw ]n¨-¡m-c-\p-amb Cu sIme-bmfn AYhm Cu sIme-bm-fn-bpsS  kwc-£-IÀ e£-§Ä apS¡n C´y-bnse Gähpw henb A`n-`m-j-Isc am{X-aÃ, saUn-¡Â tImtf-Pnse tUmIvSsd hsc hnebv¡p hm§nb hkvXpX \ap-¡-dn-bmw. CXp-t]mse C¶m-«nse am[y-a-§-sfbpw Cu tem_n kzm[o-\n-¨n-«n-söv Xd-¸n¨v ]d-bm³ Ign-bptam NmÀfn tXma-kns\ "tKmhn-µ-¨man'bmbn \ne-\nÀ¯p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n? AsÃ-¦nepw s]bvUv \yqkv sIm­v C´y-bnse "al-¯mb' P\m-[n-]Xyw kwc-£n-¡p-¶-h-ctà Cu hÀ¤w? Chn-sSbpw A]-am-\n-¡-s¸-«Xv lnµp-Xz-am-b-Xp-sIm­v \½psS atX-X-cXzw XoÀ¨-bmbpw hnP-bn-¡pw. "tKmhn-µ-¨man'bpw Abm-fpsS "anSp-¡-\mb' h¡oepw Ccp-h-tcbpw Xoän-t¸m-äp¶ \yq\-]£ aX tem_nbpw kpJ-ambn Dd-§-s«. ASp¯ Cc-sb-t¯-Sn-bpÅ At\z-jWw XpS-cp-Ibpw sN¿-s«.
Ah-km-\-ambn "{]tWjv ]nÅ'bnte¡v hcmw. Be-¸p-g-¡m-c³ tKm]n-\m-Y-]n-Å-bpsS aI-\mb Cu  ]nÅ t{]a-]m-c-h-iy-¯m ]Ån-aXw kzoI-cn¨v PmthZv Kpemw ssiJv F¶ t]cp ssIsIm­v CjvS-s¸« apÉow kv{Xosb hnhmlhpw sNbvXp. ]t£ Al-a-Zm-_m-Zn t]meokv shSn-sh-¸n sImÃ-s¸« \mÄ apX Cu PmthZv Kpemw ssiJns\ "{]mtWjv]nÅ'bmbmWv "kXym-t\zjn'Ifmb \½psS ]{X-am-[y-a-§Ä Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xv. am[-hn-¡p-«n Ia-em-kp-c-¿-bm-Ip-¶-Xp-t]mse {]mtW-jv]nÅ PmthZv Kpemw ssiJvv BIm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶Xv F´p-sIm-­m-sW¶v Cu¡q-«À hni-Zo-I-cn-¡ptam? alm-cm-jv{S-bnse ]q\-bn \n¶pw sNdp-¸-¡m-cn-bmb Hcp apÉow h\n-X¡pw aäp 2 kplr-¯p-¡Ä¡p-sam¸w "{]mtW-jv]nÅ' KpP-dm-¯nse Al-a-Zm-_m-Zn XoÀ°m-S-\-¯n\p t]mb-Xm-bn-cp¶pthm? lnµp-t]-cn tIcf A{U-kn-epw, apÉow \ma-¯n ]qs\ taÂhn-em-k-¯nepw CbmÄ¡v Npcp-§n-bXv 2 ]mkvt]mÀs«-¦nepw D­m-bn-cp-¶-Xmbn Adn-bp-¶p. `oIc kmln-Xyhpw Cbm-fnÂ\n¶pw ]nSn-s¨-Sp-¯n-«p-­v. ejvIÀ C tXmbv_ F¶ `oI-c-hmZ kwL-S-\-bp-ambn CbmÄ¡pw IqsS sImÃ-s¸-«-hÀ¡pw _Ô-ap-s­¶v KpP-dm¯v t]meokv Xd-¸n¨v ]d-bp-¶p. (tIm-SXn \ntbm-Kn¨ {]tXy-Im-t\z-jW kwLw Cu Btcm-]Ww ]cn-tim-[n-¡p-Itb sN¿msX hymP Gäp-ap-«Â am{Xw Is­¯n F¶Xv thsd Imcyw).
h-kvXp-X-IÄ C§-s\-bm-sW-¶n-cns¡ PmthZv Kpemw ssiJnsâ ]nXmhv tKm]n-\m-Y-]nÅ {]tXy-Im-t\z-jW kwL-¯nsâ dnt¸mÀ«nsâ ad-]n-Sn¨v ""Fsâ aI³ \nc-]-cm-[n-bm-sW¶v sXfn-ª-Xn kt´mjw'' F¶v {]Jym-]n-¡p-¶Xpw ]{X-ap-¯-Èn-amÀ henb Xe-s¡-t«m-Sp-IqSn AXp {]kn-²o-I-cn-¡p-¶Xpw GXp-Xcw [À½-t_m-[-am-sW¶v Adn-ªm sImÅm-am-bn-cp-¶p. ]p{X-kvt\-l-¯m AÔ-\mb [rX-cm-jv{Ssc \½psS CXn-lm-k-§Ä hmgv¯n-]m-Sn-bn-«n-Ã. ]t£ ChnsS "{]mtW-jv]n-Å'sb kw_-Ôn-¡p¶ _lp-ap-J-k-Xy-§Ä C\nbpw sXfn-bn-¡m-\n-cn-¡p-¶-tX-bpÅq F¶ Imcyw IW-¡n-se-Sp-¡p-t¼mÄ (G-äp-ap-«Â hymP-am-sWt¶ SIT ]d-ªn-«pÅq) C¶m-«nse ap¯-Èn-]-{X-§Ä Cu hnj-b-¯n \S-¯p¶ atX-Xc A`ym-k-§Ä Bsc klm-bn-¡m-\mWv? Imivao-cn `mc-Xob ssk\y-hp-ambn Gäp-ap«n acn¨ ae-bm-fn-I-fmb `oI-csc X§Ä¡v ImtW-s­¶pw Ah-cpsS PUw FhnsS F§ns\ thW-sa-¦nepw kwkvI-cn¨p sImÅs« F¶pw Xpd¶v ]dª apÉow amXm-]n-Xm-¡fpw tIc-f-¯n-ep-s­-¶p-ÅXv am[y-a-{]-`rXn-IÄ ad-¶p-t]mtbm?
\Ivk-ep-I-fmb Inj¬Pn-bp-sSbpw Bkm-Zn-tâbpaS¡w hymP-sa¶p ]d-b-s¸-Sp¶ \qdp-I-W-¡n\v Gäp-ap-«-ep-I C´y-bn \S-¶n-«p-­v. ]t£ AhÀs¡m¶pw CÃm¯ {]m[m\yw simcm-_p-Zo³ ssiJn\pw "{]mtW-jv]nÅ'¡pw \½psS ]{X[À½-¡mÀ \ÂIp-¶p. ImcWw efn-X-am-Wv. Akw-L-Sn-Xcpw A\m-[cpw Bb lnµp-¡Ä¡p-th-­nbpw kwkm-cn-¡p¶ I£n-Ifpw kwL-S-\-Ifpw Ah-bpsS t\Xm-¡-fp-amWv ChnsS  {]Xn-¡q-«n Ib-ä-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. A¼-s¯«p t]sc Xoh-­n-bpsS t_mKn-bn C«v \nIr-jvS-ambn Np«p-I-cn¨v sIm¶-Xns\ \nÊm-c-h¡-cn-¡p-Ibpw AXn-t\m-SpÅ {]Xn-I-c-Ws¯ `o`-Õ-cq-]-¯n ]ÀÆ-Xo-I-cn¨v kmbqPyw t\Sn-b-h-cp-atà \½psS Cu ]{X]ptcm-ln-X-·mÀ.
Npcn-¡n-]-d-ªm C¶m-«nse hmÀ¯m-am-[y-a-§Ä lnµp-hn-cp-²hpw aX-\yq-\-]vI-j-{]o-W-\-]-c-hp-amb Hcp kao-]-\-amWv kzoI-cn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. CXv I¨-h-S-XmÂ]cy ]cn-t]m-j-W-¯-\p-th­n am{X-amtWm AtXm sslµ-h-tcbpw BÀj-`m-c-X-s¯bpw H¶n¨v CÃmbva sN¿m-\pÅ GsX-¦nepw BtKmf]²-Xn-bpsS `mK-amtWm F¶v tZi-kvt\-ln-IÄ Nn´n-¡m-\pÅ kabw AXn-{I-an-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p.

kn. lcn-l-c³,
`mc-Xob hnNm-c-tI{µw, PnÃm {Sj-dÀ, XrÈqÀ
                                             Published by Kesari volume 9 Feb.26

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